Different work environments pose different risks, making it essential for companies to provide health and safety training to keep workers equipped, and to update their knowledge on a regular basis.
OHS professionals have several training techniques available to them. Some are suited for certain kinds of instruction and each has its benefits. Different methods require greater or lesser participation, and training officers can use one or a combination of methods.
Here are five fundamental training techniques.
1. Instructor-Led Training
Instructor-led training remains one of the most popular techniques. Instructors, often called facilitators, deliver lessons in a classroom or lecture format, or e-learning and self-paced workshops.
Handouts and other interactive methods can be employed together with PowerPoint presentations and videos to explain work health and safety topics.
2. Interactive Techniques
Some interactive training methods include:
Small Group Discussions. Participants are divided into small groups and given topics to discuss. This is a great way to share knowledge.
For complicated or technical sessions, you can administer quizzes from time to time. This keeps trainees engaged and motivated.
Case Studies. This capitalises on the problem-oriented way of thinking. Analysing job-related situations helps employees handle similar situations.
Q&A Sessions. Question and answer sessions are very effective with small groups of workers for updating and reinforcing skills.
Role Playing. Assuming roles and acting out situations helps employees to learn how to handle various situations they experience at work.
You can bring tools or equipment as part of the training to demonstrate to employees.
3. Hands-On Training
Cross training. A method that allows employees to experience other jobs in the workplace.
This is training through demonstration, which is great for teaching employees to use new equipment safely.
Focuses on improving performance by addressing the needs of individual employees.
Shapes inexperienced workers to fit into specific jobs.
Are excellent ways to practice skills.
4. Computer-Based Training
Human interaction will remain a critical component in workplace training, but traditional methods of training can only be enhanced by technological solutions.
Text-only. This is a training program that offers self-paced training in text-only format. Similar to print-based modules but have interactive features. They are quite effective in presenting complicated concepts in a comprehensible manner.
CD-ROM. There are off-the-shelf training programs in a broad range of topics. Consultants can also make tailor-made programs.
They are an advanced form of computer-based training mainly in DVD format. They are more stimulating to the adult mind because they use graphics, audio, animation and video.
Virtual reality. This is three dimensional and interactive. Most of these programs use simulation which is a highly effective method of training. It gives hands-on experience without the risk of actual performance.
Many companies have employees in different locations, making face-to-face training unfeasible. Everyone has access to the web today making it possible for companies to train online.
Web-based training. This method avails computer-based training modules on the web that is available via the company’s intranet or website.
Video Conferencing. Trainer in one location and trainees scattered in several locations and connected either via telephone or web chat.
Audio Conferencing. Similar to video conferencing, but only involves audio. Participants can call or email the presenter.
This method uses audio and visual components. Participants receive live audio training and also follow visual material on computer screens.
Distance learning. Institutions now offer certificates and degrees through online programs.
To learn how Vault software can transform your health and safety program, get a demo today.
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